There are many factors that contribute to your personalities.
One way is through heredity and genetics. Your genetics account for fifty percent of who you are. Genes may influence the growth of certain brain areas which influences your behavior. Also, genetics can cause the risk of having a mental disorder.
Another way your personality is formed is through your parents. Although a parent’s personality can influence a child’s personality, the shared environment of the home doesn’t have much influence on the personality. A trait from the parents doesn’t always reflect on their kids no matter how much you consistently try. For example, if the dad or the mom has a talent for singing, that does not mean the child will also have the same talent. The environment the child is raised in along with inherited traits from the parents or siblings has a greater factor. The child learns from interaction with the parents and the siblings. Culture is another one of the major foundations in building the personality. You can be free or tied down because of your culture.
It influences how they are allowed to be expressed and how they are perceived. For example, in many cultures, especially in Asia, women don’t have as much rights then the men do. These rules can influence your thoughts and personality because of the restriction through the culture and beliefs in their society.
Lastly, an important factor for personality development is through peers. The peers you hang out has a huge influence on the way you behave and feel about something for example if your friends who do nothing but study hard and get great grades, then that’s going to encourage you to do the same. On the other hand, if you hang out with individuals that do nothing but drink, do drugs and spend all their time hanging out and getting in trouble, then you can end up doing the same things as they do. 2. Psychoanalysis to interpret and find the relation between the conscious mind and the self-conscious mind. The basic idea of Freudian psychoanalysis is that there is a “subconscious” part of people’s minds which has a profound effect on their feelings and actions.
This theory is composed by three elements, id (pleasure principle), ego (reality principle), and superego (conscious). There were both pros and cons to this, for example, one pro is this theory has been able to explain aspects of the human personality. It allowed for a new perspective on mental illness, allowing people to find solutions to their behavior. A con would be that it wasn’t much research done and many of the findings were lacking and not supporting on the research.
3. The Humanistic theory states that people have free-will, potential and a sense of self-worth which in combination makes them to pursue life fulfilling tasks focusing on a self-concept. A con to this is that this creates frustration amongst people. You have try and figure out the problem yourself and many times people will not be provided with explanations for their problems right away.
However, a pro to this is that instead of focusing on the unconscious behavior, the attention is to the individual or entire person resulting in focusing in the individual person and allowing awareness and acceptance of themselves.