There are many people who develop theories about lifespan development in different ways such as, personal experience, media, research and after generation.
Researchers have tried to understand the different theories in lifespan development of an individual and have used six perspectives to do so: the psychodynamic, behavioral, cognitive, humanistic, contextual and evolutionary perspectives. When learning about Alice the young girl who struggles with her math homework as a seventh grader, there are many reasons to why her behavior towards this subject is the way it is and it is shown and explained through these six perspectives of lifespan development.The first of the lifespan development perspectives is the the psychodynamic perspective. The psychodynamic perspective was developed by Sigmund Freud and Erik Erikson. The psychodynamic perspective is described as ones inner self and the behavior that comes about from memories, and conflicts that one person has little control or recollection to. According to Freud, there is 3 different personality traits: the id, ego, superego. Due to Alice’s lack of effort in her math studies can be correlated to superego.
Freud explains the superego as “a persons conscience, incorporating distinctions between right and wrong.” (Feldman pg. 15) This trait develops in early stages of life, usually when a child is in preschool and is heavily influenced by teacher, parents, babysitters or any other important figure in the child’s life during that period of time. Since Alice’s mother mentioned to Alice that she had trouble with this subject when she was younger has some correlation to Alice’e behavior towards math. This shows that, if Alice’s mother was ever studying math during the time when Alice was in preschool and was vocalizing her trouble with math, Alice is likely to remember her mother struggling when studying and doing course work for math.
This view may explain why Alice is so unmotivated with math. The drawbacks with Freud’s theory is that he focuses more on men development than women’s. In sum this theory may be best when explaining past behavior rather than future behavior predictions.