There were many opposing opinions between the North and South so a peaceful resolution was out of reach.
Although the government attempted at creating harmony between the North and South, it would not be achieved because of the violence caused by slavery, contradicting political views, and economic stance. Even though the government tried to make amends by the Compromise of 1850, finding peace was unclear and impossible in this climate. They tried seeking compromise between the North and South by making New Mexico a territory without restrictions of slavery, but this only created more violence for those who didn’t want slavery. Slavery was the main cause for the Civil War, as the South didn’t want to give it up because it was their main source of income for their economic standing. In document four, the painting “Southern Chivalry: Argument versus Club’s,” created in 1856, is shown.
The painting shows the violence that occurred over the Kansas-Nebraska Act. This act allowed people in Kansas or Nebraska to decide if they wanted to allow slavery in the borders. Many people went to Kansas to determine whether or not slavery would be allowed, this of course led to a lot of conflict and brutality, as depicted in document four. This act made it impossible for peace and harmony, it only continued the cruelty in America. Document four was sympathetic for Sumner (the man being beaten and who’s bleeding), who lead an anti-slavery force in Massachusetts. Political disagreements about slavery created a harsh environment for the North and South.
As in document two, slave owners are depicted as “man stealers.” This document was written by the American Anti-Slavery Society in 1834, who declared an anti-slavery convention where they expressed the need for slaves to be set free. They demanded emancipation by comparing laws created by man to laws made by God to invalidate them. This shows the continuity of discrimination towards black people, and how that hate prevents and withholds peace between the North and South. In document three, Daniel Webster speaks as an American nationalist. He states that the North has not obeyed the Fugitive Slave Law, and that they should. The Fugitive Slave Act was passed in 1850 as a way to get escaped slaves back to their masters.
This was also called the “Bloodhound Law,” as dogs tracked down runaway slaves. This displays the continuation of political controversy between the North and South. In document six, Abraham Lincoln is questioning the reasoning behind slavery. He says the anti-slavery agitation is a sign of ambitious politicians. He implies that slavery doesn’t just affect the politics, but religion as well. He wonders how anyone could enforce it. In document seven, the presidential election of 1860 is shown. Abraham Lincoln, a republican, won the election in the popular and electoral vote.
The states prohibiting slaves were the ones who voted for him. This is a prime example of the two vast differences between the states. The economic stance of the North and South created conflict as well. In document five, a southern man expresses his hatred toward a free society.
So he is clearly pro-slavery. He attacks the low class workers and farmers in the North and praises the men in the South. He says that northerners are “hardly fit for association with a southern gentleman’s body servant.” He sees so poorly for the people of the North because their working conditions were not what the South had, the North used “greasy mechanics” and the South had slaves to work for them. The economics were faily different between the two, as the North were more industrialized and the South worked more in agriculture.
In conclusion, peace would not be achieved because of the violence caused by slavery, contradicting political views, and economic stance. These were a couple causes of the Civil War, as the North and South were vastly different. They had many different views towards many things and they had different morals and ethics.
They could not agree on one thing and could not compromise, so their idealiality of peace could never be reached.