This week’s readings largely reflected on matters of racial identities during World War II and the implications that it had on ethnic communities in the United States. Leonard’s Battle for Los Angeles covered in depth the plight of Japanese-Americans in Los Angeles after the attack in Pearl Harbor. Following such an event, there was a struggle pertaining to racial ideologies and policies based on those ideologies. European-American politicians often times sided with Japanese-Americans in that they were loyal to the United States, however some Japanese-Americans had suspicions about members within their own community. A popular consensus among most Anglo-Americans was that “race” was not superficial, rather that biology determined beliefs and behaviors. However, despite such discussions Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066 which gave the military permission to remove all persons from exclusion zones, this heavily impacted the Japanese-American community in Los Angeles. Amy Uno Ishii’s interview illustrates the effect that Executive Order 9066 had on her family, in which she describes how her father was taken to a military holding facility. Interestingly, those in the African-American and Mexican-American community did not argue that their status in the U.S. was related to the treatment of Japanese-Americans. The Battle for Los Angeles also brings to light the treatment of African-Americans and Mexican-Americans during World War II. Most newspapers failed to share the perspectives of minority groups, therefore implying a rejection of their arguments and opinions. However, it was the FEPC hearing that brought to light the discriminatory practices that minority groups had faced, which in turn spearhead Executive Order 8802, which outlawed discrimination on the basis of creed, or national origins by firms holding defense contracts with the U.S. government. In addition, the Memorandum Regarding the Enlistment of Navajo Indians articulates how one’s culture could be used to benefit the United States war effort, as Navajo Indians were used for their linguistic knowledge. This week’s readings largely discusses the impact that race and culture had on the United States prior to and during World War II. My question largely relates as to why newspapers were often filled with biases regarding racial characteristics, i.e. The Times.