This theory supports the belief that a learner’s behaviouris shaped by feedback, positive and negative reinforcement (Light 2008).
Positive reinforcement increases the chancesof an event happening again and punishment decreases the chances of an eventhappening again (Videbeck 2011). Students will learn/solve a problem by trying alternative options untila correct solution or desirable outcome is achieved. To get this correctsolution or desirable outcome many errors are involved before correct behaviouris learnt.
Therefore, I got them to repeat the several passing techniques as myfirst drill because by repeating the different types of passes they will eventuallyan accurate or wanted outcome will be achieved.Skinners theory of operant conditioning includes the correctresponse to a situation or task being compensated (rewarded) This will be donethroughout my whole lesson. Positive reinforcement will be used by rewardingthe correct response with praise (using words like “well done” and “Good job”)or a treat making this response more likely to be repeated in the samesituation in the future. Punishment willalso be used when the action performed is not desirable meaning that thisaction is less likely to be repeated in the future. For example, stoppingcertain drills or making them start over. Research by McLeod (2008) suggeststhat skinner placed a hungry rat inside a box.
The rat was initially inactiveinside the box, but gradually as it began to explore around. Eventually, therat discovered a lever, upon pressing which; food was released inside the box.After it filled its hunger, it started exploring the box again, and after awhile it pressed the lever for the second time as it grew hungry again andevery time it was hungry it would press the lever for food. Ivan Pavlov theory ofclassical conditioning is used because it Involves placing a neutral signalbefore a reflex, Focuses on involuntary, automatic behaviours. In Pavlov’s experiment with dogs, the neutralsignal was the sound of a tone and the naturally occurring reflex wassalivating in response to food. By associating the neutral stimulus with the environmentalstimulus (presenting of food), the sound of the tone alone could produce thesalivation response (Coon, Mitterer, Talbot, and Vanchella 2010).
An example ofthis in my lesson pan would be as a Coach, I have them practice repeatedly sothe they will perform the learned behaviour naturally during a gameThe advantages of Behavioural Approach theory are that Itdoesn’t require a specialist to implement it- anyone can use the approachbecause It is easy to put into practice. Due to the fact it’s a command styleof teaching. Decisions on what to do and how to do it are all determined by theteacher (Shimon 2011). However, there are obvious disadvantages such asrepetition can be quite boring, Not always easy to get people to change theirmind, Punishment is often used more frequently than rewards (Suggests that werely on awards in order to perform)