This article is all about the origin of international law,its advantages and how it has been able to make the relations between the differentcountries peaceful and friendly.
Some parts also define the scope of theinternational law i.e. the areas where the international law has popped in toprotect the interests of either people or the state.
Talking about the origin of the international law, itactually started when the UN was formed. The UN recognized the need of formingthe international law and to a greater extent tried to implement the same. Wheninternational law came into light, many of the treaties started to get signedamong different countries. The new idea behind the international law, now,emphasized to protect the individual’s rights, which was not there earlier. Thisthought got aroused after the world war II , which was a period when lots ofpeople were slaughtered and then it was decided that the state is not enough to do justice with humans, and theinternational law must be applicable to the individuals to protect their rightsbecause the humans themselves were not following the laws and it became the matter of utmost importance to punish themfor the survival of other masses .
Nuremberg was the first to recognize the needfor the protection of the human rights. Therelations between the countries improved to a pretty good extent with the terminationof world war II. There are basically 4 principles with the help of which theUN is able to accomplish its objective of worldwide harmony and is able tosecure the common masses. Other achievements include , the attainment of peacewithin the nations, tackling the international problems with ease etc.
Let us take the example of an international law in which atreaty was signed among different countries to prohibit the use of land mines. Therewere a few countries which hold significant importance and they do not agreedupon the treaty and as a result they faced tragic losses.With the increased number of laws, a need got aroused for clarifyingthe guidelines behind these laws, as a result of which the International Law ofJustice came into existence in 1945. Now the laws started to govern the statesand people more prominently. The ” Universaldeclaration of human rights” came into existence as a consequence of terrificfailure of the human rights. Although the international law is now puttingpressure to control the terrorism and crime, but still it lacks behind in theenactment of these laws because people are reluctant to follow them because oftheir ambiguity and non binding status.