This is focusing on “what makes an effective

This article is referred to a research that is focusing on “what makes an effective leader”. The participants were 195 leaders in 15 countries over 30 global organizations. They were asked to choose the 15 most important leadership competencies from a list of 74. The answers were:1. 67% Has high ethical and moral standards.2. 59% Provides goals and objectives with loose guidelines/directions3. 56% Clearly communicates expectations4. 52% Has the flexibility t change opinions5. 43% Is committed to my ongoing training6. 42% Communicates often and openly7. 39% Is open to new ideas and approaches8. 38% Creates a feeling of succeeding and failing together9. 38% Helps me grow into a next-generation leader10. 37% Provides safety for trial and errorThese competencies were grouped into five major themes:Demonstrates strong ethics and provides a sense of safety. This theme is a combination of the two major characteristics: “high ethical and moral standards (which is selected by the 67% of people) and “communicating clear expectation” (56% of people). It is talking about the feeling of safety and trust in the environment. A leader with ethical and moral standards can provide this feeling to employees and also that rules will be honored by him and them.Empowers others to self-organize. The next most important leadership competency is the ability to provide a clear direction so employees can organize their own time and work. A Leader can’t do all things alone. So he needs to distribute power through the organization.Fosters a sense of connection and belonging. People want to feel a sense of belonging and consistently trying to connect with other people. So Leaders who provide this feeling, by “communicate often and openly'” (#6) and “create a feeling of succeeding and failing together as a pack” (#8) are building a strong connection. Achieving this, is not so complicate as there are many simples ways to promote it (smile at people, call them by name, etc)Shows openness to new ideas and fosters organizational learning. Leaders with “flexibility to change opinions”(#4),”being open to new ideas  and approaches”(#7) and “provide safety for trial and error”(#10) are leaders who encourage learning. Nurtures growth.  The final category includes “Be committed to my ongoing training”(#5) and “helping me grow into a next-generation leader” (#9). When a leader show commitment to growth then employees is motivated and being loyal.