This planned at all levels of the health

This mental health policy is grounded on, and
consistent with a number of existing policy and legislation mandates in South
Africa, including, but not limited to:

Ø  Child
and Adolescent Mental Health Policy Guidelines, 2003;

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

Ø  Child
Justice Act, Act 75 of 2008;

Ø  The
Children’s Act, Act 38 of 2005;

Ø  National
Health Act, Act 63 of 2003;

Ø  Mental
Health Care Act, Act 17 of 2002;

Ø  The
National Health Policy Guidelines for Improved Mental Health in South Africa,
1997;

Ø  The
Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996;

Ø  The
White Paper for the Transformation of the Health System in South Africa, 1997.

(National Mental Health Policy Framework and Statistic Plan
2013-2020:18)

Vision: “Improved
mental health for all in South Africa by 2020”

Mission: “From
infancy to old age, the mental health and well-being of all South Africans will
be enabled, through the provision of evidence-based, affordable and effective
promotion, prevention, treatment and rehabilitation interventions.  In partnerships between providers, users,
carers and communities, the human rights of people with mental illness will be
upheld; they will be provided with care and support; and they will be
integrated into normal community life” (National
Mental Health Policy Framework and Statistic Plan 2013-2020:19)

 

Values
and principles of National Mental Health Policy Framework and
Statistic Plan 2013-2020:19-21

Values

Principles

Mental
health is part of general health
 

•Mental
health care should be integrated into general health care
•People
with mental disorders should be treated in primary health care clinics and in
general hospitals in most cases
•Mental
health services should be planned at all levels of the health service

Human
rights
 

•The
human rights of people with mental illness should be promoted and protected
•The
rights to equality, non-discrimination, dignity, respect, privacy, autonomy,
information and participation should be upheld in the provision of mental
health care.
•The
rights to education, access to land, adequate housing, health care services,
sufficient food, water and social security, including social assistance for
the poor, and environmental rights for adult mental health care users should
be pursued on a basis of progressive realisation.  The non-conditional rights of mental health
care users under the age of 18 years, including basic nutrition, shelter,
basic health care services and social services, should be promoted and
protected.

Community
care
 

•Mental
health care users should have access to care near to the places where they
live and work.
•Mental
health care users should be provided with the least restrictive forms of
care.
•Local
community-based resources should be mobilised where ever possible.
•All
avenues for outpatient and community-based residential care should be
explored before inpatient care is undertaken.
•A
recovery model, with an emphasis on psychosocial rehabilitation, should
underpin all community-based services.

Accessibility
and equity
 

•Equitable
services should be accessible to all people, regardless of geographical
location, economic status, race, gender or social condition.
•Mental
health services should have parity with general health services.

Inter-sectoral
collaboration
 

Addressing
the social determinants of mental health requires collaboration between the
Health sector and several other sectors, including Education, Social
Development, Labour, Criminal Justice, Human Settlements and NGOs.

Mainstreaming

 

Mental
health should be considered in all legislative, policy, planning,
programming, budgeting, and monitoring and evaluation activities of the
public sector.

Recovery

 

Service
development and delivery should aim to build user capacity to return to,
sustain and participate in satisfying roles of their choice in their
community.

Respect
for culture
 

There
are varying cultural expressions and interpretations of mental illness, which
should be respected, insofar as they protect the human rights of the mentally
ill.

Gender

 

Services
should be sensitive to gender-related issues experienced by men and women,
and boys and girls.

Social
support and integration
 

Maximum
support should be provided to families and carers of those with mental
illness, in order to broaden the network of support and care.

Participation

 

•Mental
health care users should be involved in the planning, delivery and evaluation
of mental health services.
•Self-help
and advocacy groups should be encouraged

Self-representation

 

•Mental
health care users and their associates should have support to enable them to
represent themselves.
•The
development of self-help, peer support and advocacy groups should be
supported.

Citizenship
and non-discrimination
 

•Mental
health care users should be given equal opportunities and reasonable
accommodation to ensure full participation in society.
•Attitudinal
and structural barriers to full participation should be overcome.  Access to education, employment, housing,
and social supports should receive particular attention.

Efficiency
and effectiveness
 

•The
limited resources available for mental health should be used efficiently, for
maximum effect.
•Interventions
should be informed by evidence of effectiveness.

Comprehensiveness

 

Mental
health interventions should be directed at mental health promotion, the
prevention of mental illness, treatment and rehabilitation.

Protection
against vulnerability
 

Developmental
vulnerabilities to mental health problems associated with life stages of
infancy, middle childhood, adolescence, adulthood and old age), as well as
vulnerabilities associated with gender (including pregnancy), socio-economic
position, ill-health and disability should be protected against through the
provision of targeted prevention interventions
 

 

A)   In the
National Mental Health Policy Framework
and Statistic Plan 2013-2020:26, one of the main significant areas
identified in the intervention framework is the Services for Children.

Areas of special focus are:

·        
Prevention of delays in emotional and intellectual
development;

·        
Introduction of life skills education;

·        
Prevention of substance-related problems;

·        
Family strengthening programmes for at-risk
children

·        
Programmes to strengthen school connectedness

Human
Rights form part of the core values of the National Mental Health Policy Framework and Statistic Plan 2013-2020:20.
One of the principles forming part of the human rights value states that “the non-conditional rights of
mental health care users under the age of 18 years, including basic nutrition,
shelter, basic health care services and social services, should be promoted and
protected.”