Three features must be highlighted: to begin with, transitional justice in unifiedGermany stood earlier than the heritage of the expertise of publish-1945-transitionaljustice. The outcomes was once no longer a unidirectional route or learning approach, but rather acomplex sample marked by competition and interferences, which partly prolongedthe cleavages of bloodless war debates. Often put up-1945 and submit-1990transitional justice disorders instantly overlapped. In some circumstances of transitionaljustice referring to the Nazi generation had been applied in East Germany simplest after 1990,namely after the restitution of Jewish property.
2nd, not like the interval after1945, transitional justice in East Germany after reunification was a part of the transformationof a socialist right into a liberal society. As a result, restitution of exclusiveproperty, which had been deprived out of political reasons, grew to become a core dilemma.From a much broader standpoint, this must be noticeable as part of the liberal revolution ofproperty rights, which took location in all areas that previously had belonged to or beendominated by way of the Soviet Union. 1/3, reunification took position by way of “accession”of the GDR into the FDR, which the majority of East Germans regardedas the fast lane to freedom and prosperity. Reunification did not take position as amerger by means of a new groundwork—which the former oppositional civil societyactivists in the GDR quite often would have favored.
Transitional justice was once situatedon an asymmetrical problem, which clearly resulted within the unilateral transferof normative and legal requisites. The ephemeral democratic GDR-executive,which had been established in 1990 by way of free elections, would act only for afew months and did not have so much hazard to impact the course of hobbies.The important a part of this chapter will furnish an overview on the distinct fieldsof transitional justice in East Germany after reunification. 4 elements can beunique: first, criminal justice measures aimed at contributors who had committedpolitical violence and human rights violations within the GDR. 2nd, measuresof rehabilitation and compensation aimed at members who had sufferedpolitical oppression and human rights violations. Third, measures of lustration,which in most cases aimed on the opening of the records of the key carrier, the Stasi.
And fourth, partly overlapping with others, the area of reminiscence tradition, whichalso comprised makes an attempt to set up the “fact” about political crimes within theGDR. Due to this fact, in a concluding abstract, this chapter will draw conclusionsfrom the German case of transitional justice after reunification with regardto the viable penalties of a knowledge reunification of Korea. Historians arenow not talented to foretell the longer term. But at exceptional they are able to sharpen the attention on thesort of factors that come into play and also emphasize the unintended sideeffectsof political moves.