Throughout Gulliver’s Travels, Swift proposes satricially bitter diction using postcolonial literary criticism as he implies and directly shows the struggle against oppression and injustice in the story.
The fourth part of this novel encases this tone which shows the main message of the entire novel and supports this prompt. Swift attacks political systems as he implied the purpose of science and government and attacked humanity. In his description of Lilliputian society Swift explains, in detail, their views on education and law, which are extremely like his own society’s views.
Swift’s satire was used against the experimental philosophy that was being promoted by the Royal Society during his time. In many ways the whole of Gulliver’s Travels is a satire on the scientific approach of the Royal Society. It is presented as a travel narrative, reporting on extraordinary sights and experiences in foreign lands in a calm, detached and, whenever possible, quantitative fashion. The Royal Society had often encouraged travellers to make such records and reported on information collected in circumstances that ranged across formal experiment, mathematical proof, astronomical observation, field work, library work, happenstance and even hearsay. The most significant section of the book from the history of science point of view is Gulliver’s visit to Laputa where the inhabitants are enamoured of mathematics, measuring, quantifying, experimenting and astronomical predictions. Most obviously, in Laputa, Swift criticises a world of mathematical and philosophical endeavour that does little or nothing to better people’s lives.
Therefore, if Swift was presented the opportunity to encourage change in grants for science research, one is to believe he would incorporate objectives that will make a difference in the average civilians life. There was much rhetoric around the beneficial usefulness of new knowledge. Swift was surely right that useful applications of the new knowledge either seemed a long time coming and was needed for civilians. Swift would eliminate the use of experiments in scientific research which can be implied through presented oppression throughout the novel about experiments done on humans. The idea that humans are not meant to know everything and that all understanding has a natural limit is important in Gulliver’s Travels.
Practical knowledge is also satirized by Swift when it does not produce results.