Today plastic is one of the most widespread pollutants of ocean waters around the world.
Gyres are plastic bits form with other debris into bulky swirling sticky buildup areas pushed by winds, tides, and currents. They are forty percent of the planet’s ocean surface, which is about twenty-five percent of the entire earth. When birds and fish eat trash or other debris it also comes in contact with toxicants that cause liver and stomach irregularities that regularly causes them to choke to death. Plastic has been discovered in more than sixty percent of seabirds and one hundred percent of sea turtles, that mistake plastic for food. Marine waste is trash that ends up in oceans, seas, and other large bodies of water.
Most plastic is not biodegradable, it doesn’t just break down it breaks into smaller and smaller pieces. Around 8.8 million tons of plastic pollution end up into the ocean every year. A lot of marine animals are found entwined in plastic or other types of trash. There were dead animals found in beach cleanups around the world entwined in plastic bags about 10 percent. Four hundred forty-three animals and birds were found imprisoned by marine debris during a recent international coastal cleanup.
Twenty percent of fish discovered had plastic in their stomach. Fifty- two percent of sea turtles globally have accidentally eaten plastic trash in the ocean. Seven hundred species of animals are cruelly threatened because of ocean waste. Twenty-two million tons of carbon dioxide is soaked up by the ocean every day because of rubbish. Most sea debris comes from land-based sources.
Main components of land-based sources include litter, trash and debris from construction sites, containers, and landfills. Some ocean-based sources are things thrown overboard from boats, and thrown away fishing equipment. Also, food containers are one of the vast parts of the waste in the ocean. Ocean waste is maximizing in a number of oceans around the world. Some of the effects of plastic to sea marine animals are starvation, suffocation, infection, and drowning. With the increase of plastic usage in our day to day life, the status of marine debris will increase, which in turn will put our oceans and marine life in danger and they might soon be close to extinction.