Trahan Whitman and Dickinson

poetry written without regular rhyme schemes and meter
Free verse is best described as —

implied not stated
The theme of a literary work is often _______, not _______.

evoke pictures in the mind of the reader
Writer’s use imagery to–

metaphor
“Life is a carnival” is an example of a(n)–

giving a human characteristics to an object or animal
Personification can best be described as the–

onomatopoeia
The word fizz is an example of–

A contrast between what we expect to happen and what actually occurs
What is irony?

writer’s choice of words
The tone of a literary work is most often revealed by the–

slant rhyme, or approximate rhyme
Words that do not rhyme exactly are called–

False
The purpose of symbols is to create ambiguity T/F

the reader
Death’s carriage in “Because I could not stop for Death” holds all of the following except

were the only places besides home that she knew well
The things the carriage passes are noteworthy because they–

it is the speaker’s grave
In the fifth stanza of “Because…” the horses pause at the House because–

accompanies Death to a tomb
In “Because I coud not stop for Death,” the speaker–

rhyme
Whitman achieved his specific purposes with all of the following poetic techniques except–

The Yankee clipper is under her sky-sails, she cuts the sparkle and scud…”
Which of the following quotations is the best example of Whitman’s use of alliteration to unify his ideas?

private and shy
Unlike Walt Whitman, Emily Dickinson was–

decision to self-publish at his own expense
Whitman’s feelings about his own poems are best revealed by his–

free verse
Whitman’s use of cadence forms the basis of his–

errors in word usage
Dickinson’s poetry is noted for its–

her poetry was published only after her death
Dickinson did not achieve fame in her lifetime largely because–

Later poets were more open to experimentation.
Which of the following statements best describes the influence of Dickinson and Whitman on later poets?

Unconventional broken rhyming meter and use of dashes and random capitalization as well as her creative use of metaphor and overall innovative style. She also disregards grammar and sentence structure.
What are some of the major characteristics of Dickinson’s poems?

Publishers of her time were unwilling to take the risk because her poems were unconventional at the time. A majority of her poems were also found after her death.
Why did Dickinson not achieve fame during her lifetime?

Publish them
What did others try to do to her poetry after she died?

He invented the free verse style of poetry. He also introduced sexuality as a subject in American literature. He was open with his bisexuality, and he had deep admiration for Abraham Lincoln.
What is Whitman most well-known for in reference to his poetry style? Be able to explain this.

Tone: Uplifting and content
Theme: Whitman’s poem celebrates the individuals who make America great and the right to individual liberty that makes it possible.
Cadence: ?
Imagery: The mother sewing and washing
Catalog: Different working people
Metaphor: Actions of workers compared to the music because they all require effort
“I Hear America Singing”

Personification: “He stopped for us” death stopped.
Meter:
Tetrameter:
Trimeter:
Anaphora: We passed the… 3 times in a stanza
Metonymy:
Alliteration:
“Because I Could Not Stop for Death”

Theme: Abe Lincoln is killed but the ship still makes it and the ship is America.
Metaphor: The ship is America and the Captain is Abe Lincoln.
Repetition: Captain is repeated often
Slant Rhyme: Bells and trills
Exact Rhyme: Oh the bleeding drops of red…this arm beneath your head…But I, with mournful thread.
Tone:
“O Captain, My Captain”

abandonment of literary conventions
What is the important similarity that Dickinson and Whitman share?

Free verse
Poetry written without concern for regular rhyme schemes and meter.

Catalog
list of things, people, or events used for effect.

Cadence
the balanced, rhythmic flow of poetry or oratory. It is created by the pattern of sounds and phrases rather than the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables. Parallel structure and sound devices like alliteration, assonance, and onomatopoeia create this.

Alliteration
the repetition of similar consonant sounds.

Assonance
the repetition of similar vowel sounds.

Onomatopoeia
the use of words whose sounds imitate their meanings

Parallel structure
the repetition of similar words, phrases, clauses, or sentences that have the same grammatical structure (She went to the store, bought some rice, and prepared dinner.)

Images
appeal to the senses (sight, sound, taste, touch, smell).

Symbols
represent or stand for something else.

Metaphors
implicitly compare something to something else.

Meter
the measured arrangement or words in a line of verse.

Exact rhyme
occurs when two or more words have syllables that share identical sounds (ran, man)

Slant rhyme
occurs when two or more words have close, but not exact, rhyming sound (afternoon, Queen)

End rhyme
the repetition of sounds that occur at the ends of line.

Internal rhyme
is the repetition of sounds occurring within lines

Rhyme scheme
is the pattern of rhymes in a poem. (ABAB, ACBC)

Paradox
occurs when a statement is made that is seemingly contradictory but nonetheless true.

Irony
occurs when an incongruity exists between what is expected and what actually happens.

Personification
occurs when inanimate objects or abstractions are endowed with human qualities or are represented as possessing human form.

Caesura
a pause or break in a line of verse

Anaphora
the repetition of words at the beginning of successive clauses (That they call, that they see, that they do)

Idiom
a phrase or a fixed expression that has a figurative, or sometimes literal, meaning. Figurative meaning is different from the literal meaning.