Types of Rhyme — UIL Lit Crit

Rhyme
Identity of terminal sound between accented syllables, usually occupying corresponding positions in two or more lines of verse. Fan and ran are true rhyme because the vowels and succeeding consonants “an” are the same but the preceding consonant sounds are different. The recurrence of rhyme at regular intervals establishes the form of a stanza.

Rhyme Scheme
The pattern in which rhyme sounds occur in a stanza

Rime Riche
Words with identical sounds but different meanings as “stair” and stare or well and well

Identical Rhyme
Same as Rime Riche and redundant rhyme. Rain and Rein. Using the same word, such as work and work is repetition not identical rhyme

Masculine Rhyme
Rhyme that falls on the stressed, concluding syllables of the rhyme words. Mount and Fount

Feminine Rhyme
A rhyme in which the rhyming stressed syllables are followed by an undifferentiated identical unstressed syllable, as waken and forsaken. Also called double rhyme.

Double Rhyme
Same as feminine rhyme. Similar stressed syllables are followed by identical unstressed syllable. Stream and beam are rhymes; streaming and beaming are double rhymes

Compound Rhyme
Rhyme between primary and secondary stressed syllables as in such pairs as “childhood” and “wildwood” or castigate and masticate.

Cross-Compound Rhyme
Rhyme between the first syllable of one word and the second syllable of another, and vice versa. Meathead and Deadbeat

Masculine Ending
A line of verse that ends on a stressed syllable, as does any regular iambic line

Feminine Ending
An extrametrical unstressed syllable added to the end of a line in iambic or anapestic rhythm, giving a sense of movement and irregularity, common in black verse. To be, or not to be — that is the question

Beginning Rhyme
Rare type of rhyme that occurs in the first syllable or syllables of lines

End Rhyme
Rhyme at the ends of lines in a poem; the most common type of rhyme

Terminal Rhyme
Same as end rhyme

Broken Rhyme
The breaking of a word at the end of a line for the sake of a rhyme. In divers habits, yet are still one kind, / So doth, so is religion; and this blind- / ness too much light breeds…”

Apocopated Rhyme
Rhyme in which the final stressed syllable of a word is rhymed with the stressed syllable of a word ending in a stressed syllable followed by an unstressed syllable. “Fly around, I say, … / You’ll drive me almost crazy.”

Homeoarchy
The occurence of the same or similar unstressed syllables preceding rhyming stressed syllables, as in indeed rhymed with in need.

Homeoteleution
Sameness or similarity of endings of consecutive words or words near each other, often considered unsettling or graceless but sometimes unavoidable, as in adjacent adverbs (relatively easily), verbal forms (emerging meaning becoming fashionable), accidental sameness of affixes (truly holy family).

Fused Rhyme
Used by Gerard Manley Hopkins, the rhyme sound is begun at the end of a line but not completed until the beginning of the next. “Rest of them… unconfessed of / them… breas of the / Maiden.”

Linked Rhyme
Same as Fused Rhyme

Internal Rhyme
Rhyme that occurs at some place before the last syllables in a line. Here I am, an old man in a dry month.

Crossed Rhyme
Couplets, usually hexameter or longer, in which the words preceding the ceasura rhyme Ex: Thou has conquered, O pale Galilean; the world has grown grey from thy breath; / We have drunken of things Lethean, and fed on the fullness of death.

Interlaced Rhyme
Same as crossed rhyme

Leonine Rhyme
Internal rhyming of the last stresed syllable before the Caesaura with the last stressed syllable of the line. THe name is derived from the name of a writer of the Middle Ages, Leoninus, who wrote verses containing such internal rhyme. “There’s a whisper down the field where the year has shot her yield.”

Chain Rhyme
The sound of the last syllable of one line recurs as the sound of the first syllable of the next but with a change of meaning. It would occur if a line ending “weight” were succeeded by one beginning “wait.”

Interlocking Rhyme
One line in a rhyming unit carries forward the rhyme for the next unit, like in Terza Rima. Ex: aba bcb cdc ded

Near Rhyme
The repetition in accented syllables of the final consonant sound without the correspondence of the preceding vowel sound, as in “grope” and “cup” or “restored” and “word.”

Slant Rhyme
Same as near rhyme; usually substituting assonance or consonance for true rhyme

Oblique Rhyme
Another term for near rhyme, half rhyme, and slant rhyme

Half Rhyme
imperfect rhyme, usually the result of consonance

Eye rhyme
Rhyme that appears correct from the spelling but is not so from the pronunciation, as “watch” and “match” or “love” and “move.”

Monorhyme
A poem that uses only one rhyme

Heteromerous Rhyme
Also called mosaic, multiple rhyme in which one word is forced into a rhyme with two or more words. These are usually outlandish and comic, as in “But – Oh! Ye lords of ladies intellectual, / Inform us truly, have they not hen-pecked you all?”

Mosaic
Same as hetereomerous rhyme. Also, compositions consisting of quotations from one or more authors, like a cento.

Cento
A literary patchwork, usually in verse, made up of scraps from one or more authors

Rime Couee
A Tail-Rhyme Stanza, in which two lines, usually in tetrameter are followed by a short line, usually in trimeter, two successive short lines rhyming. aabccb where a and c line are tetrameter and the b trimeter.

Enclosed Rhyme
A term applied to the rhyme pattern of the In Memoriam stanza: abba

Rhyme Royal
A seven-line Iambic pentameter stanza rhymning ababbcc, sometimes with an Alexandrine (hexameter) seventh line. It derived its name in honor of King James I who used it, even though he did not originate the form.

Amphisbaenic Rhyme
Named for the monster in Greek Fable that has a head at each end and can go in either direction, the term is used to describe backward Rhyme — that is, two rhyme words the second of which inverts the order of the first, as “step” and “pets”.

Rime Retournee
The relation between syllables as “pal” and “lap,” also called Amphisbaenic or Boustrophedon rhyme

Triple Rhyme
Rhyme in which the stressed syllable is followed by two unstressed, undifferentiated syllables as in “meticulous” and “ridiculous”.