Unit 3:Ancient Egypt, Poetry Vocabulary

hieroglyphs
a writing system that uses symbols or pictures to denote objects, concepts or sounds. One of the oldest writing systems in ancient history

fertile land
Soil that is rich in nutrients needed to grow healthy crops. The Nile river floods, which leaves behind silt which results in excellent farming soil.

silt
very small particles left as sediment from water that is rich in nutrients; also, a soil made up mostly of silt with little clay

embalm
to treat a dead body with chemical substances to keep it from decaying; the process is believed to be used first by the ancient Egyptians in mummification as a way of preparing the dead for life after death

afterlife
an existence after death

pharaoh
a ruler of ancient Egypt, often thought of as gods who came to Earth in human form to set the Egyptians on a righteous path and then return to the afterlife once their physical body died.

monument
something designed and built as a lasting public tribute to a person or event, usually a large statue or building

inscription
writing that is carved, pressed or painted on stone, brick, or metal or other hard surfaces as a way of keeping a historical or religious record.

sarcophagus
an ancient stone or marble coffin, often decorated sculpture and inscription

obelisks
four-sided pillars topped with a pyramid shaped rock

verse
A single line of words in a poem

stanza
A group of verses in a poem

rhyme
When two words end with the same sound

meter
The exact number of stressed and unstressed syllables in each line of a poem

simile
A comparison of two things that aren’t really alike using the words “like” or “as”

metaphor
A comparison that doesn’t use the words “like” or “as”, but may use the words “is”, “are” or “was”

personification
When animals or objects are given human characteristics, such as the ability to talk

onomatopoeia
Words that sound exactly like the object or action they are describing

alliteration
When two or more words in a verse begin with the same sound

repetition
the act or an instance of repeating; something repeated

gay
homo or lesbian