Unlike the totalitarian sense of autocracy, democracy allows each member to participate in its society, ultimately promotes true equality. With democracy, many human rights have come about, but it is a very slow process and if ill-informed could make a society worse. Under the Authoritarian rule, basic human rights are not usually considered important. Autocracy, under the right rule, could bring about positive change faster, but with no checks and balances, an autocratic rule could bring the misguided type of change.Democracy started with the Greeks. They were considered to have the truest form of Democracy, where every citizen could vote. Women and slaves were not considered citizens, so they had no say in government.
In democratic societies, everyone has the right to vote, but over the years that has morphed into a representative democracy, where people vote for a person to deal with a country’s problem. There have not been any major societies throughout history, where every person was able, to vote. In theory, under a democratic system, people have more say in their government, in this degree with the government being able to hear from the citizens then the government knows what the people think to help solve a problem. That could lead to some problems, in Plato’s Republic Book VI, he argues that democracy is inferior to other forms of government, because politicians, will only become good at getting elected but not at ruling a nation. He believes that most people are easily won over by pretty words. Politicians can use propaganda to make citizens believe what is right is wrong or vice-versa. Some thought a society should be divided into “divisions of labor.
” Based on Plato’s theory, not everyone is intelligent enough to vote on issues of a society. Only those who study philosophy should rule a nation, “philosopher kings” because they can morally make decisions for the betterment of a society, known as an oligarchy, where a group of people rules. Nevertheless, democracy allows every voice be heard, which can lead to better decisions, that benefit the majority. According to Amartya Sen, an Indian economist and philosopher, “no substantial famine has ever occurred in any independent country with a democratic form of government and a relatively free press” meaning that a country with multiparty democracy, have incentives to help the poor, because they could easily be voted out of office if they don’t make the people happy. Leaders are forced to think in the best interest of citizens because if they do not they can be voted out of office, also argues Tom Christiano from Stanford University. According to John Locke, an English philosopher, representative government was the best because it ensures, that citizens natural rights are protected.
Unlike Locke, English philosopher, Thomas Hobbes believed that absolute monarchy was the best when it came to rule. He believed that humans are easily manipulated, so a person who grew up preparing to rule was best. These theories from Hobbes and Locke, come from what they thought would happen during, “state of nature,” when there is no form of government. According to The College of Arts and Letters, Hobbes believed there would be unrest between people and war will break out. With no restrictions, people will not act morally towards one another. State of nature would be chaos. Locke believes somewhat the opposite, he recognized that there would be some problems, but ultimately, he thought people thought morally and they would govern morally.
When it comes to human rights, it usually goes in hand with democracy because through democracy there is a less likely chance of a government oppressing their people. According to Democracy International, human rights makes everyone equal. Looking at Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, it says, “All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
” Throughout history that has been a core of democratic societies, but it can be used incorrectly, for example, one of the main reason for slavery was the thought that Africans were not human therefore they don’t need the rights. Slaves were often overworked and tortured by their masters. According to Courtenay R. Conrad, ordinary citizens in a democratic society, government torture is okay if the person has an Arabic name. Autocratic societies are often times oppressive, but one of the most oppressive countries, Saudi Arabia an absolute monarchy, signed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. This doesn’t prohibit the government from oppressing women, they cannot do small things such as drive a car, not until recently and there is still hate towards that. In support of this Jacob Poushter from Pew Research Center, says, “more broadly the kingdom has a poor reputation globally for how it treats its citizens.
In a spring 2013 survey, a median of only 18% across 39 countries said that the government of Saudi Arabia respects the personal freedoms of its people. This compares with a median of 70% who say the U.S. respects human rights and 36% who believe the same about China.” Based on the evidence, democratic societies are better equipped when it comes to human rights and equality, but must care what they define as right and wrong.It is the popular opinion, that a democracy is the best form of government, but autocracy has always survived. It has survived through the ages because it is resilient and can take many forms. One of the most popular autocratic rule is an absolute monarchy, that uses “divine right of kings,” to survive.
During the Middle Ages, people relied on the church for guidance, and kings used to church to stay in power. According to Melvin Rhodes, from the United Church of God, kings used the church to teach the people to obey the kings and the church used kings to enforce the idea of people going church for spiritual matters. Today some autocratic countries are under a “democratic” name, for example North Korea calls themselves, “The Democratic Republic of Korea.
” This is because they recognize that the word democracy has a positive connotation. According to John Green Crash Course, since the early 2000s democracies has been on a decline economically. One of the most economically prosperous country is China, a communist country. China uses Western economic ideas, but not Western’s democratic ideals. There are a lot of billionaires in China but even poor and oppressed people. To stay prosperous, China makes sure there is no one to fend for the poor. However, since politics and business are so closely aligned in China, there is a lot of corruption. Today we make light headlines with stories of Russian President Vladimir Putin, Egypt’s Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.
Autocracy is making a comeback to global society, with new tricks. For example, in Russia, Vladimir Putin, a dictator is making a comeback. During his first term, he was laxer because of the economic success of Russia and he was asserting himself in the political arena, he made sure the people of Russia loved him.
He got rid of anyone who was against him, who at the time were some wealthy people who had a lot of say in how Russia was governed. When voted in again for second term, he changed his tactics to be more oppressive. Back when he first was ruling (1999-2008), there was more protest of Authoritarian regimes. He knew to step back when he saw one of the longest standing dictatorship in the Arab Spring taken from office. According to Robert H. Dahl, even though autocracy has survived a long time, so has democracy.
During World War I, the allies proved monarchy, aristocracy and oligarchy aren’t reliable systems. During World War II, the same was proven but with fascism and Soviet-style Communism. According to Erica Frantz and Andrea Kendall-Taylor, In the last 25 years, democracy has been on an incline, in 1991 there were 70 democracies in the world, 45% of the world’s population.
After the collapse of the Soviet Union, democracy is on offense, and now in the world democracy are seen as the better style of government. In 2014, there were 115 countries that were democracies, 65% of the world’s population. Recently democracy has come under a slew of ridicule.
Some Democratic politicians today use their campaign to express disdain about the government. They know people are tired of the lack of change for the better in the country. The evidence shows that today, people are wearied of all types of governments because of corruption and oppression.One of the biggest problems with democracy is that it brings about slow change. It took 245 years, for North America to abolish slavery. Then it took 70 years for women, in America, to have the right to vote.
Nevertheless, the strongest democratic countries today come from tyrannical autocracy, often time people think of their history to encourage them to believe in their system. Citizens must think, if they rather have fast tyrannical change or slow but commendable change. According to an article from the Washington Post by Michael K. Miller, “A long-term electoral autocracy should expect roughly one-third fewer infant deaths and an additional 10-25 percent of its population to be literate (compared to non-electoral autocracy). Besides the obvious benefits for citizen welfare, this modernization effect improves the conditions for future democratic stability. This finding complements work by Jennifer Gandhi, Joseph Wright, and others showing that autocratic legislatures promote more favorable government spending, civil liberties, and economic growth.” Proving that today’s autocracy can help bring about positive modification.
According to Marc Stears, “Democracy is a long, slow, hard business. It requires sacrifice and virtue. It requires listening to the views of others and it demands an acceptance of the necessity of difficult choices. It requires, above all, commitment to forging a common good out of the disparate and varied material of our social and economic lives, a good that recognizes the worth of everyone whatever their differences.
If we don’t do this, we don’t do democracy.” In saying that, for any real change to happen people should be patient, so a government can critically think of the best answer to a problem. “Democracy is the worst form of government, apart from all the rest.” said Churchill. According to Mark Hamilton, often time dictators actively hinder the process of democracy, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, Russia and other countries tried to build democracy, but put strong leaders in charge, who manipulate the system and still try to call it democracy. According to Tim Dunlop an Australian writer with a PhD in political philosophy, the three things hindering democracy is the political system and media. He uses a quote from Peter Mair, a political scientist, book Ruling the Void: The Hollowing of Western Democracy, “The age of party democracy has passed. Although the parties themselves remain, they have become so disconnected from the wider society, and pursue a form of competition that is so lacking in meaning, that they no longer seem capable of sustaining democracy in its present form.
” Explaining, that democracy today can feel cold because they are often influenced by corporations who don’t think of the needs of the people. Dunlop argues that media trivialize situations. They often make important topics sound as though it is mundane news. It can be concluded that many elements hinder democracy to make real change, but if people are willing to work hard, happiness and equality can be achieved. There is no such thing as a perfect government. A good government is relative. Even Plato, Aristotle, and Socrates couldn’t what the perfect government was.
It all depends on what you think is most important in a government. If you think economic success is most important, then you can conclude that an Autocratic government is better because there is nothing in the way of success, if you know what you’re doing. Under the oppressive autocratic regimes, people grow tired of being mistreated and often times revolt. If you are looking for cultural success, you may look to a democracy. Democracy lets everyone voice be heard, but could lead to corruption. A charismatic leader could come around with pretty words and make a country oppressed.