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industrialization: condition of England’s advancements
-change: became more pessimistic-Darwin’s Origin of the Species raised debate about religion
How did writers respond to the changing world?
-described, reflected, and criticized-unique, voice and stylescommon themes of doubt, uncertainty and loss
a type of lyric poem in a which a person speaks to a silent audience and on the course of doing so, reveals a critical aspect of his own character.
there are 3 parts:-the reader takes the part of the silent listener-the speaker uses a case-making, argumentative tone-the reader completes the dramatic scene from within, by means of inference and imagination
a sign, word, phrase, image, or other object that stands for or represents something else
the descriptive language to re-create sensory experiences
a figure of speech in which a nonhuman subject is given human characteristics
Alfred, Lord Tennyson
-Poetry is about his saddness-the ruling event in his life was the death of Hallam, his closest friend.-Poems has Arthurian legends-felt the only way to keep Hallam close was to write about him-theme in poems: death
-influenced by Voltaire and Shelley-polylgot (spoke many languages)-John Stuart Mill: criticized his poems which helped him become a better writer-famous but made no money-was positive, fought through the sruggle-has positive energy-went through grief and anger
Elizabeth Barrett Browning
-no formal education-poetry attracted much attention-her father objected to her marriage to Robert-she was more famous than her husband
-got to see a film of one of his novels-last major Victorian, first major modern English-stopped a novel and began poetry-was an architect-when his wife died, he wrote the best lyrical poem
-only published 2 volumes-suffered from severe psychological distress-recieved only a pass degree-his mother’s death left him isolated, bitter, and unresolved
“Lady of Shallot”
-written by Alfred, Lord Tennyson-elements in this poem include: supernatural, nature, idealism-Part 1: happy, beautiful, talks about Camelot-Part 2: lonely, sad, supernatual, curse-Part 3: hopeful, Sir Lancelot-Part 4: dark, stormy, depressing, death
“Break, Break, Break”
-written by Alfred, Lord Tennyson-tone: sad/depressing-he is saying he misses his friend and wants him back-he is asking for the sea to break against the stones (asking to break his saddness)
“Crossing the Bar”
-written by Alfred, Lord Tennyson-major symbols: bell(death) and Pilot(God)-tone: peaceful and hopeful-he is saying he knows he is about to die and accepts it. HE wants to see God in the end.
“My Last Duchess”
-written by Robert Browning-situation: The duke is showing the visitor his palace and comes upon this painting. The duke will be getting married soon to a different lady. The duke is talking to the agent of the women he wants to marry.
-Conflict: the duchess was very flirty. IT wasn;t just her husband (duke) that made her smile. He thought she deserved to be killed. The duke tells the agent he killed his wife.
-written by Elizabeth Browning-written for her husbantheme: romantic love-8 reason why she says she loves her husband
“Ah, Are You Diggin on MY Grave”
-written by Thomas Hardy-speaker: dead women in her grave-who does the speaker believe is digging on her grave: 1. loved one 2. dearest kin 3.
her enemy-dog is really digging on her grave, ironic because dogs dig and burry bones and search for bones. the dog doesn’t realize it is her until he sees her bones-moral: we think people care about us more than they really do.
“To an Athlete Dying Young”
-written by A.E.
Housman-speaker: a witness-3 advantages to dying young: 1. you won’t see your record be broken 2.. ended on a victory 3. died at the height of his power-speaker is trying to comfort himself