Victorian Poetry: Ms. Puntillo

What are the 5 Romantic themes in Victorian Poetry?
Revolution, Invidualism, Art, Nature, & Idealism

Revolution
-tension between equality and liberty
-democracy
-First Reform Bill: right to vote extended to the middle class landowners

Individualism
-gender: womens’ rights
-Changing roles: university education for women was now available

Art
-conservative: hard working, moral, socially respectable
-intellectual seriousness
-writers responded to the changing world

Nature
industrialization: condition of England’s advancements

Idealism
-change: became more pessimistic
-Darwin’s Origin of the Species raised debate about religion

How did writers respond to the changing world?
-described, reflected, and criticized
-unique, voice and styles
common themes of doubt, uncertainty and loss

Dramatic Monologue
a type of lyric poem in a which a person speaks to a silent audience and on the course of doing so, reveals a critical aspect of his own character. there are 3 parts:
-the reader takes the part of the silent listener
-the speaker uses a case-making, argumentative tone
-the reader completes the dramatic scene from within, by means of inference and imagination

Symbolism
a sign, word, phrase, image, or other object that stands for or represents something else

Imagery
the descriptive language to re-create sensory experiences

Personification
a figure of speech in which a nonhuman subject is given human characteristics

Alfred, Lord Tennyson
-Poetry is about his saddness
-the ruling event in his life was the death of Hallam, his closest friend.
-Poems has Arthurian legends
-felt the only way to keep Hallam close was to write about him
-theme in poems: death

Robert Browning
-influenced by Voltaire and Shelley
-polylgot (spoke many languages)
-John Stuart Mill: criticized his poems which helped him become a better writer
-famous but made no money
-was positive, fought through the sruggle
-has positive energy
-went through grief and anger

Elizabeth Barrett Browning
-no formal education
-poetry attracted much attention
-her father objected to her marriage to Robert
-she was more famous than her husband

Thomas Hardy
-got to see a film of one of his novels
-last major Victorian, first major modern English
-stopped a novel and began poetry
-was an architect
-when his wife died, he wrote the best lyrical poem

A.E. Housman
-only published 2 volumes
-suffered from severe psychological distress
-recieved only a pass degree
-his mother’s death left him isolated, bitter, and unresolved

“Lady of Shallot”
-written by Alfred, Lord Tennyson
-elements in this poem include: supernatural, nature, idealism
-Part 1: happy, beautiful, talks about Camelot
-Part 2: lonely, sad, supernatual, curse
-Part 3: hopeful, Sir Lancelot
-Part 4: dark, stormy, depressing, death

“Break, Break, Break”
-written by Alfred, Lord Tennyson
-tone: sad/depressing
-he is saying he misses his friend and wants him back
-he is asking for the sea to break against the stones (asking to break his saddness)

“Crossing the Bar”
-written by Alfred, Lord Tennyson
-major symbols: bell(death) and Pilot(God)
-tone: peaceful and hopeful
-he is saying he knows he is about to die and accepts it. HE wants to see God in the end.

“My Last Duchess”
-written by Robert Browning
-situation: The duke is showing the visitor his palace and comes upon this painting. The duke will be getting married soon to a different lady. The duke is talking to the agent of the women he wants to marry.
-Conflict: the duchess was very flirty. IT wasn;t just her husband (duke) that made her smile. He thought she deserved to be killed. The duke tells the agent he killed his wife.

“Sonnet 43”
-written by Elizabeth Browning
-written for her husban
theme: romantic love
-8 reason why she says she loves her husband

“Ah, Are You Diggin on MY Grave”
-written by Thomas Hardy
-speaker: dead women in her grave
-who does the speaker believe is digging on her grave: 1. loved one 2. dearest kin 3. her enemy
-dog is really digging on her grave, ironic because dogs dig and burry bones and search for bones. the dog doesn’t realize it is her until he sees her bones
-moral: we think people care about us more than they really do.

“To an Athlete Dying Young”
-written by A.E. Housman
-speaker: a witness
-3 advantages to dying young: 1. you won’t see your record be broken 2.. ended on a victory 3. died at the height of his power
-speaker is trying to comfort himself