Vocabulary #17: Types of poetry-examples

rhyme scheme
“Our House” by Dorothy Brown ThompsonOur house is small — aThe lawn and all — aCan scarcely hold the flowers, — bYet every bit, — cThe whole of it, — cIs precious, for it’s ours! — b

Acrosticpoetry in which the first letter of each line, when read vertically, spell out a word. The word is usually the subject of the poem
V anillaA s I eat it on my brownieN ot doubting it’s sweetI ce cream is a tasty treatL ots of lingering tasteL asting to the endA lways my favorite!

Haikuan ancient Japanese form with no rhyme. often deal with nature. This type of poetry has three lines with a fixed number of syllables
Line 1= 5 syllables– The dying plant bendsLine 2= 7 syllables– And drips its dew to the groundLine 3= 5 syllables — It falls like a tear

Coupletstwo-line poems with a fun and simple rhyming pattern- Each line has the same meter and their endings rhyme with one another
My English teacher wants me to use imaginationSo I go to math class and let my mind go on vacation!

Cinquaina form consisting of five lines.

Each has a required number of syllables, and a specific topic

Line 1:Title (noun)- 2 syllables — FlowersLine 2: Description- 4 syllables — Pretty, fragrantLine 3: Action- 6 syllables — Waiting, watching, weedingLine 4: Feeling (phrase)- 8 syllables — Enjoying all the while they growLine 5: Title (synonym for title)2 syll. — Gardens

Diamonte poems diamond-shaped poems of seven lines that are written using parts of speech.
Line 1: Noun or subject = HomeLine 2: Two Adjectives = Safe, caringLine 3: Three ‘ing’ words = Loving, sharing, talkingLine 4: Four words about the subject= Friendship, food, car, travelsLine 5: Three ‘ing words = Living, loving, enjoyingLine 6: Two adjectives = Joyous, adventurousLine 7: Synonym for the subject= Family

Limerickswhimsical, humorous poems with five lines with a rhyme pattern of AABBA
A flea and a fly in a flueWere caught, so what could they do?Said the fly, “Let us flee.””Let us fly,” said the flea.

So they flew through a flaw in the flue.

Shape Poems (concrete/pattern poems) poem that form a visible picture on the page. The shape usually reflects the subject of the poem.
Trees blossoming in the spring Clouds above give rain Fruit will come soon Nature is at work while trees stand still

Free Verse poetry without rules of form, rhyme, rhythm, or meter; it is usually arranged in stanzas and lines (not paragraphs).

What do the oceans do at night?Do they tease and tickle the bottom of boats?Do they ripple away in fright?Or are the beaches like coats That keep them still and quietAnd once the day breaks and it’s breakfast timeDo the oceans wish for some other diet than fish?

Ballada type of narrative poem that tells a story; meant to be sung or recited
“Can’t Help Falling In Love”by Elvis PresleyWise men say only fools rush inbut I can’t help falling in love with youShall I staywould it be a sinIf I can’t help falling in love with youLike a river flows surely to the seaDarling so it goessome things are meant to betake my hand, take my whole life toofor I can’t help falling in love with youLike a river flows surely to the seaDarling so it goessome things are meant to betake my hand, take my whole life toofor I can’t help falling in love with youfor I can’t help falling in love with you

Epica long narrative poem about the adventures of a hero whose actions reflect the ideals and values of a nation or group
“So I spake, and quickly they [the men] hearkened to my words. But of Scylla I told them nothing more, a bane none might deal with, lest haply my company should cease from rowing for fear, and hide them in the hold. In that same hour I suffered myself to forget the hard behest of Circe, in that she bade me in nowise be armed; but I did on my glorious harness and caught up two long lances in my hands, and went on the decking of the prow, for thence methought that Scylla of the rock would first be seen, who was to bring woe on my company. Yet could I not spy her anywhere, and my eyes waxed weary for gazing all about toward the darkness of the rock.

(Excerpt from “The Odyssey” by Homer)

Sonneta lyric poem of fourteen lines written in iambic pentameter with a specific rhyme scheme
Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?Thou art more lovely and more temperate:Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,And summer’s lease hath all too short a date:Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,And often is his gold complexion dimmed,And every fair from fair sometime declines,By chance, or nature’s changing course untrimmed:But thy eternal summer shall not fade,Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow’st,Nor shall death brag thou wander’st in his shade,When in eternal lines to time thou grow’st,So long as men can breathe, or eyes can see,So long lives this, and this gives life to thee. (“Sonnet Number 18” by William Shakespeare)

LyricA short poem in which a single speaker expresses personal thoughts and feelings
I felt a Funeral, in my Brain,And Mourners to and froKept treading – treading – till it seemedThat Sense was breaking through -(Excerpt from “I Felt a Funeral in my Brain” by Emily Dickinson)

Blank VersePoetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter.
But, woe is me, you are so sick of late,So far from cheer and from your former state,That I distrust you. Yet, though I distrust,Discomfort you, my lord, it nothing must…..(Excerpt from “Hamlet” by William Shakespeare)

QuatrainA four-line poem or a four-line unit of a longer poem.
“Popcorn poppingOn the stove in a panI hardly think I canEat it without stopping”