Musical form of literature in which words may suggest multiple layers of meaning.
These layers emerge through the structure of the poem, the sounds and meanings of words, and the speaker’s voice.
Poems consist of lines that may be organized into groups called _____.
The rhythmic pattern established by stresses, or beats, within each line of a poem.
Units that meter is measured in because apparently poetry has math involved #SokolWouldBeProud
Marking each stressed syllablewith an accent (´) and each unstressed syllablewith a horseshoe symbol (?). Vertical lines (|) areused to divide each line into feet.
Most metricalfeet consist of one stressed and one or moreunstressed syllables.
Eight syllables, or four iambic feet.
Ten syllables, or five iambic feet.
When a line breaks before completing a grammatical unit that can stand on its own.
Poems that do not follow regular metrical patterns but do include rhythmic elements that are often created through the combinations of word sounds.
Repetition of vowel and consonant sounds at the ends of words.
Rhymes at the end of lines
Rhymes that appear within lines.
Words with similar, but not exact, end sounds, as in gill and shell, or understand and find.
The pattern of end rhymes in a poem
pair of rhyming lines, usually of the same meter and length. Usually expresses a single idea and often functions as a complete stanza.
repetition of initial consonant sounds
repetition of vowel sounds within stressed syllables that end in different consonant sounds
repetition of final consonant sounds in stressed syllables that have different vowel sounds
actual or invented word that imitates the sound of what it names or describes
Emerges from a poem’s speaker
Serves the same function as the narrator in a story
Attitude projected toward the subject and the audience
Word’s definition. Not sure why we can’t just use the word “definition” but there you have it
emotional associations a word evokes
appeal to sight, sound, hearing, taste, and touch; create imagery in the mind of the reader and evoke emotional associations
make direct comparisons between unlike things using “like” or “as”
make direct comparisons by stating that one thing is another.
gives human qualities to nonhuman things
an extreme exaggeration
follows established patterns. Each standard poetic form has specific requirements regarding rhyme scheme, meter, and line or stanza structure.
tells a story and has a plot, characters, and a setting
long narrative poem about gods or heroes
shorter poem that describes a single event and may be set to music; most include short stanzas and a refrain that repeats several times, like the chorus in a song.
tells a story using a character’s own thoughts or spoken statements
expresses the feelings of a single speaker, using melodic language, imagery, rhythm, and sound devices to express emotions.
poems of praise that often exhibit complex metrical patterns, specific rhyme schemes, and stanzas of ten or more lines each.
poems of loss that express both praise for the dead and an element of consolation
14-line poems in which each line consists of 5 iambic feet (iambic pentameter)
8 line stanza with an abbaabba rhyme scheme that is followed by a 6 line stanza with a cdecde rhyme scheme
3 stanzas of 4 lines apiece have an abab/cdcdc/efef rhyme scheme, followed by a 2 line stanza with a gg rhyme scheme.
Form of Japanese poetry that consists of 3 unrhymed lines consisting of 5, 7, and 5 syllables. Often describe a scene from nature and use imagery to convey a single vivid emotion or impression.
Form of Japanese poetry that has 5 unrhymed lines consisting of 5, 7, 5 7, and 7 syllables.Often describe a scene from nature and use imagery to convey a single vivid emotion or impression.