What are thetechnique and technologies features in developing smart trip planning system?Travellerprefer to customize the trip planner rather than follow the traditionalagencies (He, et al., 2015).They like to plan the trip planner according to their interest such as where togo or when to go.
First step to plan the trip planner will need to get theinformation of the destination. Ways to get the information can be using thesearch engines on the website, tourist guidebook or get the information fromthe traveller went to that destination before or receive the information fromfriends and family. Search engines can be Google or Yahoo. There are sometechnique and technologies that can use to developing the trip planning systemwhich are data collection and analysis of the point of interest(POIs), globalpositioning system(GPS), web-based application and programming language oralgorithm.Data collection and analysis the POI(search the POIs)Travellerwill face some challenges when they go the unknown city or region. One of thechallenges they will face is identify which tourist attraction want to go (Lim, et al.
, 2016). Travellerwant to plan the customize the trip planner will receive huge amount ofinformation. According to the Benouaret & Lenne(2016), the large amount ofthe information will hard to analyse by the traveller. Techniqueto solve the problem of the huge amount of information can be filter out the notinterested POIs to let user to choose. It can be using the geo-tagged photo andanalysing these photo upload by traveller to calculate the popularity of thatplace and calculate the average duration of traveller visit this POI and groupthe POI categories.
Geo-tagged photo is the photo that include the locationdetails (Okuyama, et al., 2013). The firststep of the data collection is collect all the photo taken from that place,when the photo taken at that place and who take that pictures.Thesecond step was analysis the popularity of these POIs. It can analyse bycalculate the number of photo taken at that place. Most of the photo taken atthat place means that place is popular to traveller.
Moreover, it also cancalculate the average time traveller stay at that POIs. The longer timetraveller stay at that place means that place is more interesting to thetraveller. Besides that, it also can calculate the time from the first and lastphoto that upload by the traveller. To group the POIs together in to the categorycan use the Wikipedia information. The category can group as shopping,entertainment, cultural and so on (Lim, et al., 2016).It based on the Wikipedia article introduce to that place. Global Positioning System(GPS) andGeo-tagged photoWhenthe traveller went to that city or region, they will take some travel photo andshare to the social media such as Facebook.
They use image to share the travelexperience to another traveller. Geo-tagged photo is a photo that include thelocation tag and keyword tag. It is a process to combine the geographicalidentification data into the photo and video (Zheng, et al., 2012). Nowadays,current smart camera and smart phone have the build in GPS function.
When theusers take the photo using these devices, these photos will include the GPSinformation. And these photos can become the geo-tagged photo. Researcher cananalyse these geo-tagged photos to get the information about the travellerpreference (Leung, et al., 2016).Moreover,geo-tagged photo also can recommend the best route to the destination for thetraveller. Search for the destination popularity and shorter distance to getthe best route recommendation for the traveller (Memon, et al.
, 2014).Furthermore,GPS can let user to easily find the information of that place such as hotel,restaurant, POIs, etc (Cavus & Kefas, 2014).Users can use the GPS to search for the nearest place based on the user search.It also is a good way for traveller to find the optional route and suggestionroute to the nearest POIs on that city or region. Customized the trip plannerThetrip planning system can let user to customize the trip planner. Traveller havethe good trip planner when travelling can avoid the wasting time and also canenjoy the trip. To plan the trip planner will need user to input someinformation which are travel time, budget and the hotel. After getting the userinformation, system will search the geographical information in the database.
System will have based on the user input information to analyse the userpreference and plan the suitable trip planner for the user (Chiang & Huang, 2015).Itwill be using the schedule reasoning method(SRM). This is a method to build thetrip planner based on the user requirement. SRM can calculate the popularity ofthat place, distance between these destinations and calculate the estimatetime. Web- based application and programminglanguageAccordingto the (Borras, et al., 2014),most of thetrip planning system was developed as the web based application. This type ofinterface will more user-friendly for user to use. User will easily to look forthe information in the large and wide screen.
Besides that, user can use themouse to control the things in the web application. Compare to using the tabletor mobile phone and the computer, the computer will more good to use for. It isbecause the mobile phone or tablet are smaller than the computer. According to Patri et al.(2015), the platform use for thetrip planning system are internet platform.
Accordingto (Alghamdi, et al., 2016),the proposed algorithm to solve the trip design problem(TTDP) is using thebalanced orienteering problem(BOP). Balanced orienteering problem(BOP) is focuson the time when travelling in another city and region. It will consider the timeuse at that place in the limited travel time. The travel time can separate into2 group which are the time from one place to another place and the time at thatplace for the sightseeing. To improve the current algorithm to decrease the processingtime.
To conclude these technique, thedata collection and analysis, global positioning system(GPS) and geo-tagged photo,customized trip planner and web-based application and programming language can beused to develop the trip planning system. These techniques and technologies candecrease the workload from the traveller before they go to travelling. Therefore,this project will develop a planning system for the traveller as a web applicationto help them plan the customize trip planner and find the POIs.