While the origins of Globalisations are debatable, the effects of globalisation on today’s world order are prominent, and are quickly changing the way we perceive this world.
Indeed, the world is more interconnected than ever, and there is large flux of ideas, people and capital worldwide. This becomes evident by looking at the number of international migrants — persons living in a country other than their country of birth— that reached 244 million in 2015 worldwide, a 41 per cent increase compared to 2000,4 also through the Foreign direct investments flows worldwide that have reached a record of 1.47 million US dollars in 2016, a significant increase from the 0.84 million US dollars in 20055. While globalisation has indeed strengthened the ability to promote human rights across borders, it has also resulted in an increasing inequality among countries. Moreover, Migrant workers, including those in the domestic, construction and other sectors, in several Middle eastern countries, for instance, Kuwait, continue to face exploitation and abuse under the official Kafala sponsorship system6, which ties workers to their employers and prevents them from changing jobs or leaving the country without the employer’s permission, a clear violation of their rights of freedom of movement and their right to work, to free choice of employment, and just and favourable conditions of work7, as laid down in the Universal declaration of Human rights. In addition, constant international military intervention from foreign states concerning anti-terrorist operations in various countries worldwide raise a debate on the sovereignty of such nations and the respect of the human rights of its citizens, also a subsequent result of the phenomenon of globalisation.
To wit, the Saudi Arabian-led military coalition supporting the internationally recognized government in Yemen continued to bomb areas controlled by Houthi forces in Yemen, killing and injuring thousands of civilians with some indiscriminate, disproportionate attacks, directed against civilians and civilian objects.8 This is an example of the highest form of violation of human rights by violating their right to life.