Why reasons for women to be more adamant

Why are there so few
women in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics)
programs?  Is it because women just
aren’t built to be scientist and engineers, or is it because since its already
such a male dominated field women don’t feel like they have a place studying to
go into these fields. This essay will discuss why women are needed in these
careers, why there are so few women in STEM, and how to get more women and
girls involved in STEM programs and Career path.

            Women need other women in places of high position. Women
need other women to be in position where they are discriminated against to
further open the door for the participation of those other women. The reality,
however, is that most women feel the price they’d have to pay to be taken seriously
in a highly discriminatory field-both sexual and otherwise- is too high to pay.
That being said, when women are involved in science and engineering, the
outcome helps all women. According to the article, Why Women Need More Women in STEM, “up until recently, women with
heart disease were misdiagnosed with symptoms they showed and were sent home
with the wrong medication only to have a fatal ending. They would also suffer
from high side effects from other medications as well. For generations, the
model used in biomedical research to design drugs and products has been an
average size male. They failed to register that
adding sex as a variable for tests could be a possibility, since women are
physiologically quite different and need to be administered different drugs and
dosages. Until women themselves got involved in scientific and medical
research, the FDA and NIH had no reason to change the policies on medication.”
The health of women is just one of the various important reasons for women to
be more adamant about being more involved in STEM. The article goes on to state
that, “Women participation in any scientific and technological process would
increase the usage of the products and solutions being created and success of
their application. Use of gender discipline in creating science and technology
is an important aspect of unbiased successful research or product development.
Employing different perspectives and abilities can enrich the creativity and
insight of products and increase the chances of pure innovation.”

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            While the number of women has been increasing steadily in
medicine, law, and business, there is still a gap in the number or women in
Science and Engineering. According to a 2010 research report by AAUW (American
Association of University women) presented in-depth yet accessible profiles of
eight key research findings that point to environmental and social
barriers-“Including stereotypes, gender bias, and the climate of science and
Engineering departments in college and universities- that continue to block
women’s progress in STEM.” Stereotypes can lower girls’ aspirations for science
and engineering careers. These stereotypes placed against girls and women, but
especially young girls cans have really damaging effects on how they perform on
test.” In the article, Why So Few? Women
in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics, the writer states, “A
female student taking a math test experiences an extra cognitive and emotional
burden of worry related to the stereotype that women are not good at math. A
reference to this stereotype, even one as subtle as taking the test in a room
of mostly men, can adversely affect her test performance. When the burden is
removed, however, her performance will improve. Stereotype threat is one compelling
explanation for why women remain underrepresented in STEM fields.” Though there
are some who claim to not believe in this stereotype, they often do at an
unconscious level. The writer states that these unconscious beliefs of implicit
biases, may be more harmful than out right and explicitly held beliefs because
the because the person simply isn’t aware of them. Project implicit, an online
site, offers an Implicit Association Test (IAT), which measures the association
between two ideas or concept to determine attitudes about different social
groups. According to the article, “The gender-science IAT measures the
association between math-arts and male-female. Between 1998 and the release
of Why So Few in 2010, more than a half million people from around
the world took the gender-science IAT, and more than 70 percent of test takers
more readily associated “male” with science and “female” with arts than the
reverse. These findings indicate a strong implicit association of male with
science and female with arts and a high level of gender stereotyping at the
unconscious level among both women and men of all races and ethnicities. The
findings also challenge the notion that bias against women in math and science
is a thing of the past. Women in STEM fields still face significant implicit
bias on the basis of their gender.”

            If women today truly want to be seen as equal to their
male counter-parts, then bridging the gap between men and women in STEM must be
dealt with. The problem is that women and girls don’t feel welcomed in STEM
classrooms and lectures. This seem to be even more true young girls of color.
Also, girls don’t have the same access, and they usually won’t until they reach
college. In a study by, the American
Association of University Women, it states that “among first-year college
students, women are much less likely than men to say that they intend to major
in science, technology, engineering, or math (STEM). By graduation, men
outnumber women in nearly every science and engineering field, and in some,
such as physics, engineering, and computer science, the difference is dramatic,
with women earning only 20% of bachelor’s degrees. Women’s representation in
science and engineering declines further at the graduate level and in the
transition to the workplace.” To close the gap girls have to be introduced to
STEM as early as possible. Elementary and Secondary schools have to have these
young participate in STEM before it becomes something fully male oriented. Girls
in class rooms should be taught to use and visualize data and see how these
skills can be utilized in everyday life. These bright young women must be shown
how these skills can become interesting and lucrative career choice, not just
for their male peers.

            In conclusion, when children are young they have endless possibilities
as to what they can achieve. Young women and girls must have role models and because
there are very few women in STEM programs and careers, they don’t have much to
look up. This narrative must change. Ideas from women shouldn’t be less valued
and underappreciated just because they came from female brains. Great ideas are
great ideas no matter where they come from, and women themselves should also realize
this. No matter gender, race, sexual orientation, nationality