William Golding uses many symbols to reveal the true nature of humans. Golding uses symbolism to illustrate the boy’s descent from a civil into a savage society. Through the use of symbols such as the conch, the beast and Piggy’s Glasses, Golding reveals the true nature of human beings and how irrational humans are. One of the most important object is the conch.
The conch symbolizes authority, order, and law. The second most important symbols in Lord Of The Flies is the beast. The beast represents the fear and savagery in all of human beings. Lastly, Piggy’s glasses is the third most significant symbols in the novel because it symbolizes knowledge, civility, hope, and technology. Firstly, The conch represents authority, order, and law. Ralph and Piggy find the conch right after they land on the island. Piggy says ‘we can use this to call the others. Have a meeting.
They’ll come when they hear us-‘ (Golding 12). That qoutes shows that the conch is the communication to assemble everyone. It also shows how it is connected to civilization since that is how the boys are used to, like when they heard the school bell to go to class. The group soon establishes a rule that only the person holding the conch is allowed to speak. They use the conch since it was the only thing that united them and kept them civil.
The conch was also the thing that persuaded the boys to pick Ralph. The conch starts to lose it’s power as the novel continues. Jack decides to form his own tribe and he replaces the conch with a spear and he gets frustrated when someone mentions it. The kids began to follow Jack as their leader which proves in real life, people follow the person they are most scared of. Piggy is one of the few people that hold onto the conch because it was the only thing that was saving him from Jack. the conch losing its power kind of foreshadows that something will happen to it.
In the end, Roger throws a big boulder on Piggy’s head while Piggy was trying to explain to the boys the importance of the conch. ‘the conch exploded into a thousand white fragments and ceased to exist’ (Golding 200). The conch exploded, showing the end of law and order on the island.
William knew that humans are conditioned to live life by the rules The conch represents law and order and it shows that a system can fail if the people part of it do not work together. The conch is the law that kept the boys civil however, in real life, without rules and laws, there would be real crimes and people would all be savagery and wild like wild animals. Laws are what keeps us in order and everyone is expected to follow it even if they do not like it. Life without laws would be a state of chaos and everyone would do as they pleased. The conch symbolizes civilization while the beast symbolizes savagery.Secondly, the beast symbolizes the fear and doubt in all of us which takes over in our head without thinking about where it might lead to.
The beast is unknown fear created by the boys on the island. There are many ways the boys on the island imagined the beast throughout the story. In the vision of many of the boys, the beast is a real source of evil on the island.
However in reality, it represents the evil within every human being. The boy’s behaviour is what brings the beast into reality so the more savagery the boys act, the more real the beast seems to become. Simon and Piggy are the only two that know the beast does not exist but no one believes them. Simon says ‘maybe there is a beast…
maybe it’s only us’ (Golding 95-96). However the kids burst out in laughter because no one believes him and that shows that Simon is mature than them because he realizes it is not scientifically possible. Jack decided to step and take control over the situation. Jack put a pig’s head on a stick so that the beast would eat it instead of them. As the novel progresses, Simon Hallucinates and suddenly the Lord of the Flies starts talking to him. ‘Fancy thinking the beast was something you could hunt and kill! You knew, didn’t you? I’m part of you? Close, close, close! I am the reason why it’s no go? Why things are what they are?’ (Golding 158). By that quote, we finally know that the beast in fact does not exist and it was all fear within everyone’s minds.
Simon gets killed when he tries to tell the boys about the real beast which indicates that the boys have gone full savage. The beast in relation to real life reveals that when people are frightened of something, they try the best of their ability to get rid of it without thinking about the consequences. The beast represents savagery so does jack when he steals piggy’s glasses.At last, the final most important symbol is Piggy’s glasses. Piggy’s glasses represents knowledge, technology, hope, and civility. Without Piggy’s glasses, the boys would not have been able to start a fire. Without a fire, there is no way they would have gotten rescued. When the boys figure out that they can use piggy’s glasses, they surround him before he could say anything and they kind of force him to give the glasses away.
‘His specs-use them as burning glasses!’ (Golding 40). Jack snacthed the glasses off his face. When jack takes piggy’s glasses, he is simply taking civilization away. When his glasses are taken away from him, he cannot see anything and seeing his greatest feature because without his glasses, Piggy is useless and when the glasses break so does the world they represent. When Jack’s tribe tries to steal the glasses, they get into a big fight which demonstrates that the boys have left civilization behind.
When the glasses are completely broken, any thought of civility has been thrown out the door and the cracking of Piggy’s glasses demonstrate the loss of scientific connection and logical thinking. Golding uses Piggy’s glasses to try and prove that human beings have been fighting for natural resources for centuries. Most of wars start because a country wants to have a control over a resource which puts them in a great power over others.
Much like when Jack steals the steals, he wants to have that power and hold on to it. Piggy’s glasses are crucial for survival in order for the boys to make food and fire. In conclusion, Piggy’s glasses are important to the story as a symbol because they represent Piggy’s intelligence and hope.
In conclusion, time and again throughout Lord of the Flies, William Golding used symbolism in Lord of the Flies to portray the darkness in all human beings. The conch symbolizes law, order and authority which also means humans need need laws to follow which will put them in a civil manner and low crime rates. The beast symbolizes the real barbaric of humans. The beast is the main fear within everyone inside and people are irrational when there is a fear present.
Piggy’s glasses are represent knowledge, civility, hope, and technology. This novel displays the undeniable side of humans beings and what they do to harm each other. Golding’s message is to acknowledge that we humans are senseless when things in our get harder.
In the beginning the conch is used to bring all the boys together and unite them and that signifies how much power the conch has. Fear affects people’s behaviour and people become aggressive instead of dealing with normally. Piggy’s glasses affirms that humans fight for natural resources. Golding’s use of symbolism reflects the reality of today’s society.