Women and Islamic Literature PPT/Pastoral Poetry PPT

Fountain and Tomb
-collection of stories meant to convey culture in Egypt during the 1920s and 1930s
-P.O.V. changes from an adult looking back on childhood, to seeing the world through the eyes of a child

Early Egyptian Poetry
-wealthy and educated men wrote them
-“Persona” poems

Early Hebrew Poetry
-Psalms, praise of God/”David”
-parallel structure (repetition of same patterns of words or phrases within a sentence or passage) and nature imagery

Sufi Poetry
-Muslim Mystic Poetry (whirling dervishes)
– authors: Rumi, Hafiz, Lalla, Kabir
-Poetry: spiratic, random, ecstatic, spontaneous, love poetry to Allah, inclusive of other traditions

Pastoral Poetry
-theme of love that spans the ages
-appreciation of concrete language
-infer dramatic context
-appreciation of diction
-deals w/pleasure of a simple rural life
-treats longings and desires of simple people
-allows readers to forget stresses and to daydream
-experience life vicariously

Setting of Egyptian poetry
-the new Kingdom (1570-1085 B.C.E.)
-women enjoyed greater prestige (legal status equal to that of man)

“Love Dear Man”
-female speaker expresses longing and devotion
-timeless, yet set in a specific time and place
-simple, direct language

“Lie Still”
-humor and irony
-appeals to sense of touch, taste, smell, sight
-concrete language that relates to universally understood themes

Madinat Al-Zahara
-in Spain
-The Two Libraries
-Fatima and assistant Labna ran it
-unlimited budget
-texts from all over the known world

Persona
-author takes the identity, “persona” of someone completely different

Syntax
-word order

Leiden Hymn
-pastoral poetry in praise of Egyptian gods

Diction
-how one says word, phrases, or sentences
-the way something is spoken

Archetypes
-roles in a story or individual stories
-ex.) anima- female aspect
animus- male aspect
senex- old, wise person
puer- innocent child
monsters- duh, villains
heroes- savior

Vignette
-short scenes that focus or one instance, character, setting, idea, or object

Landays
-short poems (one couplet) that can convey anger, sadness, loneliness or any emotion

Ghazal
-minimum of five couplets
-second lines all end in the same word
-first two lines end in the same word

Points Of View
-1st: character/narrator, uses I/We
-2nd: YOU, interactive and directive with reader
-3rd: objective-actions and dialogue
omniscient- thoughts and feelings of all characters
limited omniscient- focused on one characters thoughts and feeling (ATSS)
he, she, they. it

A Thousand Splendid Suns/ Fountain and Tomb Themes
-treatment and roles of women, war, violence, treatment of children, identifying the outsider, spirituality, religious belief, romantic love

Gilgamesh
-search for mortality and coming to terms with mortality
-written in cuneiform
-first significant piece of writing found, oldest piece of writing that we know
-EPIC=poetry

Static Characters
-Mullah Faizullah- Mariam’s teacher
-the man who turned them in at the bus station
-sole purpose is to fulfill the plot, don’t change

Dynamic Characters
-Mariam, Rasheed, Laila, Tariq

Hackneyed Plot
-predictable, foresee the outcome before it happens

Khadijah
-Twice widowed/ did not want a third husband
-Monotheistic, pious, took care of poor, arranged marriages for relatives who could not afford them
-Wealthy Businesswoman: Caravan larger than all others in Quraish
-Hired Muhammad to lead the caravan
-Later, she proposed marriage!

Islamic Golden Age
-Mid-700s to Mongol Conquest of Baghdad in 1258
-Koran disapproved of fiction; didactic fables permitted
-Arabian Nights- not part of the approved canon

Women as Storytellers
Frame Story:
-Scheherazade, the wife of Shahryar, saves herself and the women of her community. She cures her husband of his madness by telling him stories.

-Collection of tales from Arabic, Persian, Indian, Egyptian, and Mesopotamian folklore and literature
-Persian Influence- Hazar Afsan (A Thousand Tales)
-Stories added later by European translators after 1700

19th Century Folk Hero
“I’ll make a tattoo from my lover’s blood
and shame every rose in the green garden.”
-Attributed to Malalai, Afghan (Pashtun) poet & woman warrior who fought alongside Commander Ayub Khan to defeat the British at the Battle of Maiwand ( July 27, 1880)
-Themes: war (jang); woman’s pride in her lover’s courage & sacrifice (watan); love (meena); separation (biltoon); grief (gham)

Fatima Mernissi
-born in 1940 in Fez, Morocco
-wrote an homage to Scheherazade
-also wrote a memoir

Rahila Muska
-set herself on fire after her brothers beat her severely for reciting landays