Women and Islamic Literature PPT/Pastoral Poetry PPT

Fountain and Tomb
-collection of stories meant to convey culture in Egypt during the 1920s and 1930s-P.

O.V. changes from an adult looking back on childhood, to seeing the world through the eyes of a child

Early Egyptian Poetry
-wealthy and educated men wrote them-“Persona” poems

Early Hebrew Poetry
-Psalms, praise of God/”David”-parallel structure (repetition of same patterns of words or phrases within a sentence or passage) and nature imagery

Sufi Poetry
-Muslim Mystic Poetry (whirling dervishes)- authors: Rumi, Hafiz, Lalla, Kabir-Poetry: spiratic, random, ecstatic, spontaneous, love poetry to Allah, inclusive of other traditions

Pastoral Poetry
-theme of love that spans the ages-appreciation of concrete language-infer dramatic context-appreciation of diction-deals w/pleasure of a simple rural life-treats longings and desires of simple people-allows readers to forget stresses and to daydream-experience life vicariously

Setting of Egyptian poetry
-the new Kingdom (1570-1085 B.C.E.

)-women enjoyed greater prestige (legal status equal to that of man)

“Love Dear Man”
-female speaker expresses longing and devotion-timeless, yet set in a specific time and place-simple, direct language

“Lie Still”
-humor and irony-appeals to sense of touch, taste, smell, sight-concrete language that relates to universally understood themes

Madinat Al-Zahara
-in Spain-The Two Libraries-Fatima and assistant Labna ran it-unlimited budget-texts from all over the known world

Persona
-author takes the identity, “persona” of someone completely different

Syntax
-word order

Leiden Hymn
-pastoral poetry in praise of Egyptian gods

Diction
-how one says word, phrases, or sentences-the way something is spoken

Archetypes
-roles in a story or individual stories-ex.) anima- female aspect animus- male aspect senex- old, wise person puer- innocent child monsters- duh, villains heroes- savior

Vignette
-short scenes that focus or one instance, character, setting, idea, or object

Landays
-short poems (one couplet) that can convey anger, sadness, loneliness or any emotion

Ghazal
-minimum of five couplets-second lines all end in the same word-first two lines end in the same word

Points Of View
-1st: character/narrator, uses I/We-2nd: YOU, interactive and directive with reader-3rd: objective-actions and dialogue omniscient- thoughts and feelings of all characters limited omniscient- focused on one characters thoughts and feeling (ATSS) he, she, they. it

A Thousand Splendid Suns/ Fountain and Tomb Themes
-treatment and roles of women, war, violence, treatment of children, identifying the outsider, spirituality, religious belief, romantic love

Gilgamesh
-search for mortality and coming to terms with mortality-written in cuneiform-first significant piece of writing found, oldest piece of writing that we know-EPIC=poetry

Static Characters
-Mullah Faizullah- Mariam’s teacher -the man who turned them in at the bus station-sole purpose is to fulfill the plot, don’t change

Dynamic Characters
-Mariam, Rasheed, Laila, Tariq

Hackneyed Plot
-predictable, foresee the outcome before it happens

Khadijah
-Twice widowed/ did not want a third husband-Monotheistic, pious, took care of poor, arranged marriages for relatives who could not afford them-Wealthy Businesswoman: Caravan larger than all others in Quraish -Hired Muhammad to lead the caravan-Later, she proposed marriage!

Islamic Golden Age
-Mid-700s to Mongol Conquest of Baghdad in 1258-Koran disapproved of fiction; didactic fables permitted-Arabian Nights- not part of the approved canon

Women as Storytellers
Frame Story: -Scheherazade, the wife of Shahryar, saves herself and the women of her community. She cures her husband of his madness by telling him stories.-Collection of tales from Arabic, Persian, Indian, Egyptian, and Mesopotamian folklore and literature-Persian Influence- Hazar Afsan (A Thousand Tales) -Stories added later by European translators after 1700

19th Century Folk Hero
“I’ll make a tattoo from my lover’s bloodand shame every rose in the green garden.”-Attributed to Malalai, Afghan (Pashtun) poet & woman warrior who fought alongside Commander Ayub Khan to defeat the British at the Battle of Maiwand ( July 27, 1880)-Themes: war (jang); woman’s pride in her lover’s courage & sacrifice (watan); love (meena); separation (biltoon); grief (gham)

Fatima Mernissi
-born in 1940 in Fez, Morocco -wrote an homage to Scheherazade-also wrote a memoir

Rahila Muska
-set herself on fire after her brothers beat her severely for reciting landays