Humanism first arose in?
Many early humanists eagerly hunted for ancient Greek and Roman?
books, coins, and other artifacts that could help them learn about the classical world.
One of the first humanists was an Italian poet named?
Petrarch especially loved?
He searched for them all over Europe and encouraged his friends to?
Bring him any they found.
Eventually, he created a large collection of?
ancient Latin and Greek texts.
Scholars from all over Europe traveled to Italy to learn about the new humanist ideas inspired by?
They studied such subjects as?
art, architecture, government, and language.
classical history and poetry.
They began to ask?
In their studies of classical culture, humanists discovered.
a new way of looking at life.
They began to create a philosophy based on the?
importance and dignity of each individual.
Humanists believed that all people have the ability to?
control their own lives and achieve greatness.
In education, they stressed study of the?
humanities—a group of subjects that focus on human life and culture.
These subjects include?
grammar, rhetoric (the study of persuasive language), history, poetry, and ethics (the study of moral values and behavior).
Humanists tried to put?
ancient ideas into practice.
Architects, for example, studied?
Greek and Roman ruins.
They designed buildings with?
pillars, arches, and courtyards like those of classical buildings.
They tried to improve on the work of the?
ancient Greeks and Romans.
In universities, scholars began to teach methods of?
observation and experimentation.
Renaissance scientists proposed new ideas about the?
Stars and Planets.
Artists and students of medicine closely studied?
Poets wrote about both?
religious subjects and everyday experiences.
Writers produced works of?
history and studies of politics.
The influence of classical ideals changed ideas about?
Humanists separated the state and its right to rule from the?
Humanist ideals also changed people’s thinking about?
If someone was born a peasant, he or she would always have less status than a?
In general, Renaissance thinkers prized individual achievement more than a person’s?
Class or Family.
The humanists’ new ideas sometimes brought them into conflict with?
The Catholic Church.
The Church taught that laws were made by God and that those who broke them were?
For the Church, life after death was more important than?
Life on Earth.
In contrast, humanists believed that people should use their minds to?
Some directly challenged teachings that were?
Important to the Church.
An Italian humanist, Giordano Bruno, paid for his ideas by?
being burned at the stake.