World Lit II Exam: Romanticism

The time period of Romanticism was approximately
1780-1830

Romanticism is associated with wild and untamed ___________
natural settings

Romanticism is often defined as a rejection of ___________ and ______________
1. neoclassical styles (Greek & Roman traditions)
2. reason as the organizing principle for art & society

Romanticism tended to “valorize” ____________
the ordinary individual

How did Romantic art differ from art of the Enlightenment era?
It tended to depict natural scenes—it took nature as an important subject matter in and of itself. It turned away from the manners & artifices of social life, celebrated the beauties of vast skies and towering mountains.

What are two major historical explanations that help to make sense of the shift?
1. As the industrial revolution forced huge masses of people out of agricultural settings and into cities nature became exotic
2. The wildness of nature was a new model of expressive freedom

What did “Romantic nationalists” celebrate as the basis for national identity?
local folklore, language, and customs

For inspiration, Romantics looked to:
the unconcious mind, Spiritual awakening, and dreams

For many poets, the ideal form seemed to be the:
lyric

Lyric Poem
“A lyric poem expresses a process of perception, thought, or emotion, often in first person…. Lyric has few set rules – one can choose any meter, stanza length, or structuring arc – and so it embodies the freedom from set conventions that Romantic poets valued.”

Romantics valued what seemed most natural in the self, which was:
impulsiveness, excess, and imaginative freedom

The pattern of rhymes used in a poem
Rhyme scheme

A comparison of two unlike things where one is said to be like or as the other
Simile

A grouping of lines in a poem set off by a space; a paragraph of poetry
Stanza

A non-narrative poem that expresses a state of mind or a feeling
Lyric Poem

A poem that tells a story
Narrative Poem

A recognizable pattern in the beat of the stresses in the stream of sound
Rhythm

A word or object that stands for another word or object
Symbol

A word whose sound resembles the sound it denotes (e.g., buzz or hiss)
Onomatopoeia

Attributing human characteristics to nonhuman things or beings
Personification

A writer’s choice of words, phrases, or lines, for emphasis
Diction

Repetition of consonant sounds usually at the beginning of words
Alliteration

The mask the writer puts on to tell a story or convey a point
Persona

The use of language that appeals to at least one of the five senses
Imagery

The writer’s attitude toward his or her subject
Tone

The central meaning or dominant idea in a literary work
Theme

A comparison of two unlike things where one is said to be the other
Metaphor

Repeating words, phrases, or lines, for emphasis
Repetition

True or False: The Romantic movement encouraged and emphasized reason as an organizing principle for art and society
False

True or False: Romanticism valorized ordinary individuals and rejected traditional authority
True

True or False: The Romantic movement stemmed from ideas similar to those that spurred the French Revolution; these ideas emphasized a new model of expressive freedom
True

True or False: Writers in the Romantic movement relied on the classical models passed down from the Greeks and Romans as opposed to experimenting with new poetic forms
False

True or False: It was common for Romantic writers to celebrate the value of children and “primitive” peoples
True

True or False: There was only a mild shift in thinking from Enlightenment thinking to the Romantic perspective
False

Who wrote “The Lamb”
William Blake

Who wrote “Song of Myself”
Walt Whitman

Who wrote “The Little Black Boy”
William Blake

Who wrote “Composed Upon Westminster Bridge”
William Wordsworth

Who wrote “The Tyger”
William Blake

Who wrote “The World is Too Much With Us”
William Wordsworth

Match the theme to the poem:
We can see the goodness and sacrificial aspect of God in nature
The Lamb

Match the theme to the poem:
Despite physical differences, all are equal in God’s eyes
The Little Black Boy

Match the theme to the poem:
How can there be evil in a world made by God?
The Tyger

Match the theme to the poem:
Humanity must get in touch with nature in order to progress spiritually
The World is Too Much With Us

Match the theme to the poem:
A democratic nation is made up of independent, free, and equal individuals.
Song of Myself

Match the theme to the poem:
We can find the peace of nature even in the midst of the city
Composed Upon Westminser Bridge