Writing & Language: Paragraphs and Essays; Grammar and Sentence Structure; Poetry/Verse

Abstract
1) n. A brief paragraph that summarizes a long work of scholarship or research 2) adj. Dealing with or tending to deal with a subject apart from a particular or specific instance

Annotation
A brief explanation, summary, or evaluation of a text or work of literature

Bibliography
A list of works cited or otherwise relevant to a particular subject

Exegesis
A detailed analysis or interpretation of a work of prose or poetry

Explication
The interpretation or analysis of a text

Harangue
A forceful sermon, lecture, or tirade

Homily
A lecture or sermon on a religious or moral theme meant to guide human behavior

Paraphrase
A version of a text put into simpler, everyday words or summarized for brevity

Active and Passive Voice
A verb is in the active voice when it expresses an action performed by its subject. A verb is in the passive voice when it expresses an action performed upon its subject or when the subject is the result of the action

Antecedent
A word to which a pronoun refers

Clause
A structural element of a sentence, consisting of a grammatical subject and a predicate

Ellipsis, Elliptical Construction
Three periods (…) indicating the omission of words in a thought or quotation. An elliptical construction is a sentence containing a deliberate omission of words

Loose and Periodic Sentences
Loose sentence: a sentence that follows the customary word order of English
sentences, i.e., subject-verb-object.
Periodic sentence: a sentence that departs from the usual word order of English sentences by expressing its main thought only at the end.

Mood of verbs
The emotional tone or prevailing atmosphere in a work of literature or other discourse.

Parallel Structure/Parallelism
The structure required for expressing two or more grammatical elements of equal rank. Coordinate ideas, compared and contrasted ideas, and correlative constructions call for parallel construction.

Predicate
The part of a sentence that is not the grammatical subject. It often says something about the subject.

Subject complement
The name of a grammatical unit that is comprised of predicate nominatives and predicate adjectives.

Syntax
The organization of language into meaningful structure, every sentence has a particular syntax, or pattern of words.

Bard
A poet, in olden times, a performer who told heroic stories to musical accompaniment

Elegy
A poem or prose selection that laments or meditates on the passing or death of someone or something of value.

Epic
A narrative poem that tells of the adventures and exploits of a hero.

Idyll
A lyric poem or passage that describes a kind of ideal life or place.

Metaphysical poetry
A term describing poetry that uses elaborate conceits, expresses the complexities of love and life, and is highly intellectual.

Mock Epic
A parody of traditional epic form.

Ode
A lyric poem usually marked by serious, respectful, and exalted feelings toward the subject.

Pastoral
A work of literature dealing with rural life.